By Stefan Reis
The writer begins with an creation within the state of affairs of pollution in Europe within the overdue Nineties and places the impression of photooxidant concentrations into viewpoint. From there, emmission resources are analysed intimately and a situation for a business-as-usual improvement is brought. Indicating the significance of expense evaluate and the necessity for comparatively cheap abatement options, the booklet then brings jointly measures and prices and introduces the modeling technique taken. ultimately, modeling effects are mentioned intimately, besides assessing advantages of superior air caliber degrees.
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Additional info for Costs of air pollution control: analyses of emission control options for ozone abatement strategies
As a result, the plants become over-fertilized by nitrogen (a condition known as nitrogen saturation). • Acid precipitation can cause direct damage to the foliage on plants especially when the precipitation is in the form of fog or cloud water which is up to ten times more acidic than rainfall. • Dry deposition of SO2 and NOx has been found to affect the ability of leaves to retain water when they are under water stress. • Acidic deposition can leach nutrients from the plant tissues weakening their structure.
The population information threshold of 180 Pg/m3 was exceeded several times per year in most of the EC Member States, while the population warning threshold (360 Pg/m3, 1 hour mean) was exceeded on a few occasions only. The information that was issued when a threshold was exceeded received considerable attention from the media, and the increased public awareness has brought the ozone problem higher on the list of political priorities. As it has been described above, the limit and target values for respective air pollutants covered by the Air Quality Framework Directive are set by specific Daughter Directives, such as the Daughter Directive on Air Pollution by Ozone.
H d. 5 Other Aspects of Tropospheric Ozone While Sects. 4. address the most prominent and scientifically established impacts of high tropospheric ozone concentrations, one effect that is currently discussed is difficult to quantify. As Finlayson-Pitts and Pitts (2000) elaborately describe, tropospheric ozone can act as a greenhouse gas as well, in particular in the higher troposphere. The difficulty in quantifying its total effect lies, among other factors, in the dependency on the vertical distribution profile.
Costs of air pollution control: analyses of emission control options for ozone abatement strategies by Stefan Reis