By Rivke Jaffe
Within the renowned mind's eye, the Caribbean islands characterize tropical paradise. This photo, which pulls hundreds of thousands of visitors to the sector every year, underlies the efforts of many environmentalists to guard Caribbean coral reefs, mangroves, and rainforests. despite the fact that, a depressing aspect to Caribbean environmentalism lies past the tourist's view in city parts the place the islands' poorer electorate be afflicted by publicity to rubbish, untreated sewage, and pollution.
Concrete Jungles explores the explanations why those concerns are typically neglected, demonstrating how mainstream environmentalism displays and reproduces category and race inequalities. in response to over a decade of analysis in Kingston, Jamaica and Willemstad, Curaçao, Rivke Jaffe contrasts the environmentalism of principally middle-class execs with the environmentalism of inner-city citizens. The e-book combines a cosmopolitan dialogue of the politics of distinction with wealthy ethnographic aspect, together with vibrant depictions of Caribbean ghettos and elite enclaves. Jaffe additionally extends her research past ethnographic study, looking to comprehend the function of colonial historical past in shaping the present developments in toxins and concrete area.
A thorough research of the hidden inequalities of mainstream environmentalism, Concrete Jungles provides a political ecology of city toxins with major implications for the way forward for environmentalism.
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Extra resources for Concrete jungles : urban pollution and the politics of difference in the Caribbean
While these justifications of environmental injustice are not always explicitly racist or classist, they draw directly on colonial patterns of urban development and historically developed portrayals of darker-skinned Afro-Caribbean persons and their surroundings as unhealthy, unsafe, and unmodern. The chapter dissects the workings of the urban naturalisms that make instances of environmental injustice appear normal. I consider the various spatial and discursive tactics that residents of polluted neighborhoods such as Riverton and Wishi/Marchena use to negotiate socio-ecological discrimination, showing how these tactics involve the simultaneous rejection, deflection, and reproduction of urban naturalisms.
Urban privilege is emplaced and embodied; it involves both physical distance from, and insulation against, the dirty and violent spaces Introduction • 19 of the urban poor. The chapter considers how, in their everyday spatial practices and narratives, residents of Caribbean low-income neighborhoods both reproduce and subvert these dominant spatial and bodily regimes. In Chapter Five, I delve more deeply into the role of pollution in constructing and naturalizing urban inequalities, connecting concepts of cultural pollution to the distribution of material pollution and examining their co-production in urban space.
The company purposely promoted segregation by providing separate neighborhoods and housing for different groups of employees, ordering them by class and ethno-national origin (Gill 2008). White Dutch managerial and engineering staff lived in airy villas in Julianadorp and Emmastad, spaciously constructed gated enclaves built well out of range of the refinery’s emissions; the only non-Whites granted entry were domestic servants. 4). These groups of laborers and their families were followed by a flow of Lebanese, Indians, Chinese, and Ashkenazi Jews attracted by trading opportunities.
Concrete jungles : urban pollution and the politics of difference in the Caribbean by Rivke Jaffe