By Claire L. Parkinson
Decisively slicing during the hyperbole on each side of the controversy, wonderful NASA climatologist Claire L. Parkinson brings much-needed stability and standpoint to the hugely contentious factor of weather switch. providing a deeply a professional assessment of world stipulations prior and current, the writer lays out a compelling argument that our understandings and types are insufficient for convinced predictions of the meant and unintentional results of assorted initiatives now into consideration to switch destiny weather. in a single compact quantity, Parkinson provides a coherent synopsis of the 4.6-billion-year historical past of weather switch on planet Earth—both ahead of and after people grew to become an important factor—and explores present matters concerning persevered international warming and its attainable effects. She levels over the large geoengineering schemes being proposed and why we have to be careful approximately them, the constraints of present international weather versions and projections, the foremost arguments made by means of these skeptical of the mainstream perspectives, and the life like methods we will be able to reduce damaging human affects on our planet. whereas discussing all of those polarizing subject matters, the writer regularly exhibits admire for the perspectives of alarmists, skeptics, and nearly all of humans whose positions lie someplace among these extremes. The ebook clarifies one of the most contentious issues within the weather debate, and within the procedure treats us to a desirable dialogue interweaving Earth heritage, technology, the background of technological know-how, and human nature. Readers might be rewarded with a real knowing of a fancy factor that may be one of the most crucial dealing with humankind within the coming decades.
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Extra resources for Coming Climate Crisis? Consider the Past, Beware the Big Fix
The Cenozoic Era is sometimes instead divided to the Tertiary and Quaternary periods, the former extending from the Paleocene through the Pliocene epochs and the latter consisting of the Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. The use of the Paleogene and Neogene here is for consistency with the ICS. As of this writing, in 2008, controversy exists regarding whether to give official status to the term “Quaternary” on the time line. A factor in its favor is that the term has been extensively used. However, when it was originally proposed, it was the fourth of four divisions labeled Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary, and the first three terms are almost never used anymore so that the term “Quaternary” has lost its original context.
Chapter 11 examines the social pressures that make the consensus view of the scientific community perhaps seem to be a stronger consensus than it really is. Chapter 12 points out some of the alternatives now available or on the horizon that offer possibilities for correcting or reducing human-induced climate change introduction b 25 with far less risk than massive geoengineering and with a far greater chance of addressing a broader range of human-induced impacts than the typically narrow global warming focus of many of the geoengineering schemes.
More dramatic changes in the Earth’s topography occur when plates collide with sufficient force to cause the formation of major mountain ranges and associated valleys. But whether violent or gradual, the processes moving the Earth’s crust and upper mantle produce the Earth’s ever-changing topography, including the midocean ridges, mountain ranges, ocean basins, and continental and island boundaries. As detailed later in this chapter, both this changing geography and the changing composition of the Earth’s atmosphere have major impacts on the planetary climate.
Coming Climate Crisis? Consider the Past, Beware the Big Fix by Claire L. Parkinson