By international energy agency
Coal details brings jointly in a single quantity crucial statistics on coal. It consequently offers a robust beginning for coverage and industry research. half I of the e-book presents a assessment of the realm coal marketplace in 2006, whereas half II offers a statistical assessment of advancements, which covers global coal construction and coal reserves, coal call for by way of variety (hard, steam, coking), demanding coal alternate and tough coal costs. half III offers, in tabular and image shape, a extra precise and complete statistical photograph of old and present coal advancements within the 30 OECD member international locations, by way of zone and separately. half IV presents for chosen non-OECD international locations precis records on not easy coal offer and end-use facts for roughly forty nations and areas all over the world. whole coal balances and coal exchange facts for chosen years are offered on sixteen significant non-OECD coal generating and eating international locations. desk of content material : advent ideas and Definitions -1. common Notes -2. assets -3. devices and Conversions -4. Notes on power assets and Flows -5. expense facts -6. Quarterly strength statistics -7. Geographical insurance -8. state Notes -9. Conversion components and Calorific Values half I. international Coal industry evaluation -1. review -2. creation -3. intake -4. alternate -5. costs -6. CO2 Emissions -7. Coal-to-Liquids: an alternate Oil provide? half II. international Coal evaluate -1. creation --1.1. international not easy Coal construction --1.2. international Coking Coal construction --1.3. global Steam Coal creation --1.4. global Brown Coal construction --1.5. OECD creation of Coke Oven Coke -2. intake --2.1. international tough Coal intake --2.2. global Coking Coal intake --2.3. international Steam Coal intake --2.4. international Brown Coal intake --2.5. OECD intake of Coke Oven Coke -3. alternate --3.1. global and Seaborne Coal exchange --3.2. international overall difficult Coal exchange --3.3. international Steam Coal alternate --3.4. global Coking Coal alternate --3.5. Wrold not easy Coal Imports - local Aggregates --3.6. Wrodl Brown Coal Imports - neighborhood Aggregates --3.7. global demanding Coal Import - chosen nations --3.8. global Brown Coal Imports - chosen international locations --3.9. global Coking Coal Imports - local Aggregates --3.10. international Steam Coal Imports - nearby Aggregates --3.11. international Coking Coal Imports - chosen nations --3.12. international Steam Coal Imoprts - chosen nations --3.13. OECD Coke Oven Cok Imports - --3.14. international not easy Coal Exports - nearby Aggregates --3.15. international Brown Coal Exports - local Aggregates --3.16. global difficult Coal Export - chosen international locations --3.17. international Brown Coal Exports - chosen nations --3.18. global Coking Coal Exports - local Aggregates --3.19. global Steam Coal Exports - nearby Aggregates --3.20. Wrold Coking Coal Exports - chosen international locations --3.21. international Steam Coal Exports - chosen nations --3.22. OECD Coke Oven Coke Exports -4. costs --4.1. Japan Coking Coal Import expenses --4.2. ecu Coking Coal Import charges from chosen international locations --4.3. Japan Steam Coal Import charges --4.4. ecu Steam Coal Import charges from chosen international locations --4.5. Steam Coal Export bills --4.6. Coking Coal Export bills --4.7. Coking Coal costs for --4.8. Steam Coal costs for --4.9. Steam Coal costs for electrical energy iteration -5. Coal for different makes use of --5.1. OECD Coal-Fired and overall electrical energy iteration ability --5.2. OECD Coal Use for electrical energy creation and warmth bought --5.3. OECD Coal Use in Coke Ovens --5.4. global intake of Pulverised Coal Injection (PCI) Coals -6. Charts --6.1. global Steam and Coking Coal creation --6.2.World Steam and Coking Coal exchange --6.3. Coking Coal rate CIF Japan and CIF ecu Member St
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Extra info for Coal Information: 2007 Edition
However, as a major coal exporter China gradually moved from the second largest hard coal exporter in 2001 to fifth in 2006. India is the second largest non-OECD hard coal producer and third in the world. 1 Mt and although it dominates South Asian production, it is essentially consumed domestically. 6% of world production. South Africa is the fifth largest hard coal producer and the fourth-ranking coal exporting country in the world. Russia is by far the largest producer among FSU countries. Its production combined with Kazakhstan and Ukraine represents over 99% of total production from transition economies.
4 in Part II for other countries and historical data. World totals are Secretariat estimates. Includes granular coal injection for some countries. The performance of PCI technology depends on the quality and consistency of the pulverised coal used in the blast furnace. In terms of volatility, a wide range of coals—from anthracite to high volatile—are utilised. Indicative qualities for PCI coal (air dried) are as follows: below 7% ash; below 10% total moisture, low alkalis and low phosphorus. It should be noted that in IEA statistics of coal consumption, PCI is classified by the IEA Secretariat as a steam coal (as most PCI coal is generally of a steam coal quality and not coking coal quality) for most countries.
Due to government regulations in the industry and residential sectors in particular, there has been a shift from the use of domestically produced coal to imported coal and natural gas. Sub-bituminous coal is included in brown coal. United Kingdom Consumption shown for the commercial/public services sector includes consumption of some of the nonspecified sector. Prior to 1994, the consumption of substitute natural gas is included with natural gas while its production is included with gas works gas.
Coal Information: 2007 Edition by international energy agency