By Stephen H. Schneider
Questions surrounding the problem of weather switch are evolving from "is it happening?" to what may be performed approximately it?". the first stumbling blocks to addressing it at this aspect are usually not medical yet political and fiscal; still a short answer is not likely. lack of expertise and confusion surrounding the problem - together with lack of awareness of weather technological know-how, its implications for the surroundings and society, and the variety of coverage ideas to be had - contributes to the political morass over facing weather swap during which we discover ourselves. this article addresses that state of affairs by means of bringing jointly a variety of writings that learn the various dimensions of the subjects most vital in figuring out weather switch and regulations to think about it. The chapters think about: weather technology in ancient point of view; research of uncertainties in weather technological know-how and coverage; the economics of weather coverage; north-south and intergenerational fairness concerns; the function of commercial and in weather options; and coverage mechanisms together with joint implementation, emissions buying and selling, and the so-called fresh improvement mechanism.
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Additional info for Climate Change Policy: A Survey
In general, projected temperature rises are greatest in the polar regions, and they affect the polar winter more dramatically than the summer. Similarly, nighttime temperatures are projected to rise more than daytime temperatures. Land temperatures are projected to rise more than oceans for the most part, influencing the patterns of monsoons and life-giving rains (and deadly floods) that they engender. Other obvious temperature-related consequences include increases in the maximum-observed temperatures and more hot days, increases in minimum temperatures and fewer cold days, and longer growing seasons owing to earlier last frosts and later first frosts.
6 shows brief periods of warmth punctuated by much longer, cooler ice ages. They are characterized by dramatically different climatic conditions, with ice sheets 2 kilometers thick covering what is now Canada, the northeastern United States, and northwestern Europe and engulfing high mountain plateaus all around the world. Today we enjoy the warmth of an interglacial period, but not long ago, geologically speaking, conditions were very different. What sort of global temperature change characterizes the contrast between an ice age and our present interval of warmth?
As dust settles on the ocean surface, it fertilizes these tiny oceanic organisms. The phytoplankton, in turn, increase their productivity by drawing down atmospheric CO2, thus making the move toward an ice age even more rapid and deep. Such biotic feedback mechanisms illustrate how complex the actual climate system is and help us to understand why in the policy debates to be presented later, many claims will be made by advocates incompletely selecting bits of this complex story to suit certain value positions.
Climate Change Policy: A Survey by Stephen H. Schneider