Get Clay seals of oil and gas deposits PDF

By V I Osipov; V N Sokolov; V V Eremeev

ISBN-10: 9058095835

ISBN-13: 9789058095831

content material: Pt. I. Formation of Clay Seal homes: Theoretical basics --
Ch. 1. Composition of Clay Sediments and Their constitution Formation in Sedimentogenesis --
Ch. 2. Lithogenesis of Clay Sediments --
Ch. three. Formation of the homes of Clay Seals in Lithogenesis --
Pt. II. attribute of the Facies varieties of Clay Seals --
Ch. four. Depositional Environments of Clay Seal Formation --
Ch. five. Facies research of Clay Seals in Oil- and Gas-Bearing Basins --
Ch. 6. The Composition of the Facies sorts of Clay Seals and Its swap with intensity --
Ch. 7. constitution and homes of the Facies forms of Clay Seals --
Pt. III. Modeling of the switch within the Clay Seal houses in Lithogenesis

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Extra resources for Clay seals of oil and gas deposits

Sample text

I. G. Us’yarov [56] and others. Despite the variety of mineral compositions, sizes and shapes of structural elements that make up the clay deposits, three principal types of contacts may be distinguished, which are commonly encountered in fine grained structures: coagulation, transitional (point) and phase contacts. Each type of contact is characterized by a definite mechanism of formation, by the nature of forces operating in the contact zone, by the geometry and value of contact interaction. A description of the coagulation contact is given below; the transitional and phase contacts will be considered in the next chapter.

Humic acids and their soluble humates produced from the organic matter decomposition are actively adsorbed on the surface of clay minerals where they form organic-mineral complexes. This modifies the surface of minerals (makes it hydrophilic), increases the stabilization of particles and weakens their structural cohesion with one another. As a result, favorable conditions are created for the mutual displacement of particles and spontaneous compaction of the sediment. , Lisse, The Netherlands LITHOGENESIS OF CLAY SEDIMENTS 41 decrease.

At a low volume concentration of particles, thin plates have a higher energy barrier and hence, higher stability. Thick plates are characterized by the presence of deep distant potential minimum and by the aggregation in that minimum; 2. with a growth of the concentration of plates in a solution (the conditions of straitened coagulation), their pair interaction is influenced by the neighboring particles (the cooperative effect), which leads to an increase in the distant potential minimum depth and decrease in the stability of plates as a result of coagulation in the distant minimum.

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Clay seals of oil and gas deposits by V I Osipov; V N Sokolov; V V Eremeev

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