Read e-book online China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a PDF

By Robert T. Livernash

ISBN-10: 0821349376

ISBN-13: 9780821349373

'China: Air, Land, and Water' is a different bankruptcy within the winning and inventive discussion among the area financial institution and the People's Republic of China. It specializes in tips on how to advertise either China's financial development whereas holding its atmosphere. The goals of this record comprise reassessing the environmental state of affairs in China and utilizing this research to plot a method for making improvements to environmental caliber within the years forward. features a CD-ROM with complete textual content plus extra history study and information.

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Additional info for China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a New Millennium

Sample text

The most important are Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Qinghai. An estimated 317 million hectares of grassland, or about 80 percent of the total, is considered usable for livestock grazing (Li 1998). In general, China’s grasslands are not highly productive. About two thirds of the total have an annual dry matter production potential of less than 1,000 kilograms per hectare, placing them in the low-yield class. 1011477 WB 16-45 07/28/2001 11:07 AM Page 23 China has 260 pastoral counties accommodating about 39 million people (Zhou 1990), including some of the poorest people in China.

9 percent. 3 percent. 4 percent. (World Bank 2000). 14733Chapter1 07/28/2001 11:14 AM Page 15 10. The concept of environmentally sustainable development has already been incorporated into the national planning process. The Sustainable Development Strategy was formulated in 1997 and has been developed further for the 10th Five Year Plan. It is intended to achieve a harmonious balance between population, resources, and the environment, but most of the focus is on setting targets. Further work is needed to address the underlying complexities of economic and environmental integration and move the economy toward these ambitious targets.

Lessons for the New Millennium The issues discussed above will be elaborated in succeeding chapters, but there are some general conclusions that can be drawn from the last 10 years’ experience that are useful in thinking about how to confront the new environmental challenges. When China’s economy took off two decades ago, three emerging conditions changed the character of growth and subsequent environmental impacts. First, the economic system was set on a reforming path to increase its 1 Economic Growth and the Environment 11 14733Chapter1 07/28/2001 11:14 AM Page 12 responsiveness to market mechanisms.

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China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a New Millennium by Robert T. Livernash


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