By Kimberley A. McCabe
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Extra resources for Child Abuse and the Criminal Justice System (Studies in Crime and Punishment, Vol. 9)
These children may appear nervous or stressed out and express the desire to be alone or in a quiet non-interacting environment. The more frequent and severe the sexual abuse, the more obvious the behavioral indicators. Progression of Sexual Abuse In attempting to understand the dynamics behind the sexual abuse of children, one must first consider the state of the abuser’s mind before the seduction of a child. Finkelhor (1984) suggested that before a sexual assault of a child occurs, there is a progression of stages (or conditions) which must be completed.
In today’s age of conflicting standards of child physical discipline and child abuse, it is understandable that common law grants parents the privilege to apply reasonable force to their child in order to control, train, or educate that child (Goldstein, 1999); however, the distinction between discipline and abuse is often unclear and one wonders what is “reasonable”? As reasonableness is a subjective standard, law enforcement personnel, and individuals in the criminal justice system are left without clarity of definition and are often times disappointed by a jury’s decision of “not guilty” in cases of child physical abuse and, thus, in many cases, will choose to pursue only the most severe cases of child physical abuse—those that end in death.
The major premise is that the victim provokes the criminal acts by some action (Siegel, 2000). This model of victim-precipitated victimization was first studied in the late 1950s by Marvin Wolfgang as he applied the concept to criminal homicides (Wolfgang, 1958). Today the concept is often applied to the crime of “simple rape” or date rape. In regard to the physical abuse of children, some children may, because of their personality or disposition, fail to support the opinions of a parent and, in fact, very aggressively verbalize their disagreement.
Child Abuse and the Criminal Justice System (Studies in Crime and Punishment, Vol. 9) by Kimberley A. McCabe