By Stanley N. Caroff, Stephan C. Mann, Andrew Francis
In the course of the twentieth century, catatonia all yet dropped off the schedule of mainstream psychiatric learn. even if, numerous committed learn teams, represented during this quantity, persisted to document unique info highlighting catatonia as a suitable and excellent topic for scientific learn. This ebook, which exemplifies the extraordinary breadth of the information received, will profit clinicians handling catatonic phenomena in addition to researchers drawn to pursuing additional investigations. This booklet covers in nice element the psychopathology and neurobiology of catatonia, concentrating on the historical past, epidemiology, etiology, prognosis and remedy of the disease. This complete quantity -Offers a large illustration of the historic and around the world literature at the many editions of catatonia in one, well-organized textual content. -Includes paintings provided by means of the unique investigators, a lot of whom paintings outdoor the us and feature had their earlier experiences released merely in non-English journals. -Covers replacement evaluations and views on catatonia, contributing novel and illuminating views at the syndrome. -Addresses components of controversyAincluding disagreements over therapy and the nosologic prestige of catatoniaAhead-on, in a balanced, evidence-based presentation. -Balances functional medical fabric with the underlying neurobiology, providing scientific features within the context of historical past, epidemiology, cross-cultural views, and neurobiological findings and highlighting the richness and highbrow appeal of the research of the affliction. Catatonia is exclusive in supplying a various, foreign staff of participants and any such accomplished, up to date evaluation of the medical and clinical literature, spanning the breadth of up to date realizing concerning the nature, that means, and significance of the syndrome.
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Extra resources for Catatonia: From Psychopathology to Neurobiology
Also, there are very limited data on the various types of excitement or what makes an agitation “catatonic” (Bonner and Kent 1936; Kraepelin 1919). A related methodologic problem is the length of observation (Kraepelin 1919). Most scales essentially measure catatonia cross-sectionally. However, in periodic or chronic cases, catatonic signs simply cannot be reliably assessed at a single point in time because they occur only occasionally. Applying cross-sectional rating scales inevitably leads to loss of significant numbers of catatonic features (Ungvari et al.
There have been few studies separately comparing retarded and excited forms of catatonia in relation to nosology, treatment, and outcome (Morrison 1973), yet these disorders do not necessarily represent the same process. The issue of diagnostic stability further complicates estimates of the frequency of catatonia. Cross-sectional surveys of the incidence or prevalence of catatonia may provide an incomplete picture leading to underestimates of its occurrence in association with other disorders. For example, Hearst et al.
1992) Rosebush et al. (1990) Ungvari et al. (1994) Peralta et al. (1997) Bush et al. (1996a) Lee et al. (2000) Peralta and Cuesta (2001) Stöber (2001) 1948–1961 1960–1966 1983–1985 1985–1990 1990 1992–1993 1988–1995 1996 1996–1997 1999 2001 R R R R P P P P P P P/R I I/Pr I I I I I I I I I/Pr Stupor “Catatonic schizophrenia” ≥5 signs DSM-III ≥4 signs ≥3 signs ≥1–2 signs ≥2 signs ≥3 signs ≥3 signs DSM-III-R Note. 4) Epidemiology Table 2–1. Rate of catatonia among psychiatric patients in general I=incidence rate; P=prospective; Pr=prevalence rate; R =retrospective.
Catatonia: From Psychopathology to Neurobiology by Stanley N. Caroff, Stephan C. Mann, Andrew Francis