By Daniel A. Sabatier
Even though loeal governments have regularly exereised virtually specific regula tory eontrol over land improvement inside of their jurisdictions, in the course of the Seventies kingdom governments started to amass eonsiderablc authority over loeal land use deeisions. reviews of the implementation of those new courses, although, have normally had the drawbacks of no longer being built-in into theoretieal litera tures within the soeial seien ces and being affected by vast mcthodologieal prob lems. at the foundation of a evaluate of literatures on poliey making by way of regulatory ageneies, the implementation of federal soeialldistributive courses, and the situational variables affecting ageney habit, during this learn we increase a common eoneeptual framework of the implementation proeess of regulatory statutes. The framework is then utilized to the implementation of 1 of the extra novel and eomprehensive state-levclland use statutes, the California Coastal area Conser vati on Act of 1972. during this venture we reeeived eonsiderable assistanee within the layout degree and later in overview of initial drafts of our file from aNational Advisory Committee eomposed of individuals actively keen on the implementation ofland use poliey, representatives of teams tormented by land use legislation, and seholars within the box. For serving at the eommittee we're indebted to James Carroll, California Couneil for Environmental and Eeonomie stability; Paul Culhane, division of Politieal Seience, U niversity of Houston; provide Dehart, workplace of Coastal quarter administration, Washington, D. C.
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Additional info for Can Regulation Work?: The Implementation of the 1972 California Coastal Initiative
I. Schwartz, "Distributional Impacts of Automobile Pollution Control Programs," Journal ofEnviranmental Systems 5 (1975), pp. 185-202; Martin Krieger, "Six Propositions on the Poar and Pollution," Polie}' Seiences 1 (Fall 1970), pp. 311-324. , No Land Is an Island: Individual Rights and Govemment Control of Land Use (San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1975). : Rutgers Center for Urban Policy Research, 1976); Robert Kneisel, Eeonomie Impacts of Land Use Control With Special Referenee to the California Coastal Zone Commissions (Davis, California: Institute of Governmental Affairs, 1978); Vincent Ostrom, Charles Ticbout, and Robert Warren, "The Organization of Government in Metropolitan Areas: A Theoretical Inquiry," A1l1eriean Politieal Seienee Review 55 (December 1961), p.
Resourees for the Future Oiscussion Paper 0-4, January 1977). 55. The reasoning here is fairly straightforward: First, the creation of a new agency provided the opportunity for a large infusion of new personneI. Second, the commissions were formed only after a very hard-fought initiative campaign (see chapter 2); supporters would thus be highly motivated to fill those new staff positions. Finally, the formula for appointing regional and, especially, state commissioners meant that most would probably be supporters of the Initiative and thus that the criteria far appointing commission staff would probably be likewise weighted toward suppartcrs.
The 1969 legislature approved THE CALIFORNIA COASTAL COMMISSIONS 37 BCDC's plan for the bay and made permanent its permit authority over aB developments within 100 feet of the shoreline. The ageney was widely regarded as a sueeess, and many of its features-including the mixture of loeal government representatives and state-appointed offieials on the governing board, its permit authority over developments in the near-shore area, and its ereation for a limited period suffieient to prepare a general plan with eontinuation dependent upon legislative approval-were incorporated into the 1972 Coastal Initiative.
Can Regulation Work?: The Implementation of the 1972 California Coastal Initiative by Daniel A. Sabatier