Read e-book online Brickwork 1 and Associated Studies PDF

By Harold Bailey, David Hancock

ISBN-10: 0333519558

ISBN-13: 9780333519554

ISBN-10: 1349113778

ISBN-13: 9781349113774

In 3 first-class, brand new concise volumes the authors deal thouroghly with brickwork and its linked matters. the scholar is supplied with an creation to the undefined, the alternate, the abilities and the buildings, and reflecting the Nineties, emphasise defense points and concerns. contains multi selection questions and solutions.

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75 An Angle of 45 0 /135 0 Measure past the required corner A for a known distance, say 600 mm, to B. 76). An angle of60 0 /120 0 Measure past the required corner A for a known distance, say 600 mm, to B. Describe arcs intersecting at C using A and B as the striking points and with the radius equal to AB (600 mm). 77). Figure 2. 78). Any angle Any angle can be set out using the tangent method (see an advanced text). c E E o o (0 A req. corner 600mm Figure 2. 76 c Figure 2. 77 _1 6 The previous work has described the traditional methods that can be used to set out projections, but modern setting-out techniques require economy in labour and the use of excavating equipment, which results in the templet method being used whenever possible.

5 m Soft peat Firm peat Soft clays and siJts Firm and stiff clays Loose gravels and sands Packed gravels and sands Gravels and sands below water table Fissured rocks, shales, etc. Sound rock C A C A* C A C A A C C C A* C C C C C C C C B C A* A B A A. No support required. B. Open timbering. C. Close sheeting or similar. * Depends on site conditions. Proximity of Buildings All structures exert pressure on the subsoil whether it is a free-standing boundary wall or a dwelling house. This pressure is exerted downwards and outwards at 45 0 from the foundation base and any trench within this pressure zone will require stronger timbering than usual.

Figure 2. 78). Any angle Any angle can be set out using the tangent method (see an advanced text). c E E o o (0 A req. corner 600mm Figure 2. 76 c Figure 2. 77 _1 6 The previous work has described the traditional methods that can be used to set out projections, but modern setting-out techniques require economy in labour and the use of excavating equipment, which results in the templet method being used whenever possible. A modern method often used on site is the construction of a rectangular frame; this is fixed in position and the area within its confines is completely excavated, the concrete foundations are placed and the brickwork is then set out with another templet designed to the actual size and shape of the required projection.

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Brickwork 1 and Associated Studies by Harold Bailey, David Hancock


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