By Wolfgang Heering (auth.), Michael F. Holick (eds.)
As people ventured into the 20 th century, the industrialized nations have been faced with the scourge of rickets. even supposing solariums have been turning into universal within the early 1900s and phototherapy was once rising in popularity end result of the awarding of a Nobel Prize to Finsen in 1903, it wasn't until eventually 1921 while Hess and Unger proven that rickets may be cured via publicity to daylight that the healthy good thing about sunlight publicity preferred. In 1941, Apperly (Cancer study; 1: 191-195, 1941) famous that the occasional elevated probability of dermis melanoma was once linked to a lowered danger of many different extra universal and critical cancers. The alarming bring up within the variety of situations of epidermis melanoma, specially cancer, has prompted nice problem concerning the adverse position of solar in health and wellbeing. The 6th foreign Arnold Rikli Symposium at the Biologic results of sunshine was once held in Boston, Massachusetts from June sixteenth - 18th, 2001. The objective of this Symposium was once to target the highly regarded perform of tanning both through solar or through man made gentle assets and the general influence this custom has on well-being and illness. this system was once equipped by means of participants of the medical Advisory Committee and my co-chair emeritus, Professor Ernst G. Jung. this system Committee geared up a superb state of the art application that used to be enthusiastically acquired through the participants.
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Additional resources for Biologic Effects of Light 2001: Proceedings of a Symposium Boston, Massachusetts June 16–18, 2001
Figure 2. Input Optics The integrating sphere is a well-known input device, which collects the entire incident light signal. Another type is a diffuse reflecting material or even a fiber bundle. The most commonly used input optic is the transmitting diffuser, which is small and can produce a good cosine correction. Good cosine correction is often neglected resulting in an additional problem when comparing measurement results. Up to 60 degrees, the cosine correction should have a maximum of 5% deviation from the ideal function.
Derm. 1977; 7:407-409. Dolin, PJ, Ultraviolet radiation and cataract: A review of the epidemiological evidence, Br J Ophthalmol, 1994; 78:478-482 and reprinted in Optometry Today Nov/Dec 1997. Duchene, AS, Lakey; JRA, and Repacholi, MH, IRPA Guidelines on Protection against Non-Ionizing Radiation, New York: McMillan 1991. Gies HP, Roy CR, Toomey S, MacLennan R, Watson M, Solar UVR exposures of three groups of outdoor workers on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Photochem. , 1995; 62:1015-1021. , The photopathology and nature of the blue-light and near-UV retinal lesion produced by lasers and other optical sources In: Wolbarsht M L, ed, Laser Applications in Medicine and Biology, New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 1983.
Cogan, DG. Kinsey, VE, Action Spectrum of Keratitis Produced by Ultraviolet Radiation Arch Ophthalmol 1946; 35:617-670. Coroneo, MT, Mliller-Stolzenburg, NW Ho, A, Peripheral light focusing by the anterior eye and the ophthalmoheJioses, Ophthalmic Surg 1991; 22:705-711. 48 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Coroneo, MT, Pterygium as an early indicator of ultraviolet insolation: an hypothesis, Brit J. Ophthalmol 1993;, 77:734-739. Davis A, Deane GHW, Diffey BL.
Biologic Effects of Light 2001: Proceedings of a Symposium Boston, Massachusetts June 16–18, 2001 by Wolfgang Heering (auth.), Michael F. Holick (eds.)