By J. Canfield
This publication is a philosophical exam of the levels in our trip from hominid to human. facing the character and starting place of language, self-consciousness, and the spiritual excellent of a go back to Eden, it has a philosophical anthropology strategy. It presents an account of our position in nature in line with either empiricism and mysticism.
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Extra resources for Becoming Human: The Development of Language, Self, and Self-Consciousness
He writes, for instance, The [language-] game [of pain-talk] doesn’t begin with doubting whether someone has a toothache, because that doesn’t fit the game’s biological function in our life. 4 Zoe Learns to Talk 37 Here the instinctive reactions Wittgenstein speaks of are plain to see. We are creatures who react to one another’s suffering. If we observe a family member get injured we naturally respond with sympathy or help. Such reactions, he says, are the foundation for our talk of being in pain or being hurt: Believing that someone else is in pain, doubting whether he is, are so many natural kinds of behaviour towards other human beings; and our language is but an auxiliary to and extension of this behaviour.
The field of language socialization, which studies how children come to use language appropriately, is closely related in outlook to the ethnography of communication. For instance, Bambi B. 13 This and other writings in this area document how children enter into communicative routines that are very similar to Wittgenstein’s language-games. 14 Here I agree with Stephen C. ”15 To take my previous example, speech-act theory will note such a phenomenon as that of intention-utterance, but without looking into its constituent details; so my previous comments apply here too.
P. 9). Thus “rudiments” of symbolism and reference occur in the use of gestures and are somehow transmuted and internalized into symbolism and reference—meaning—proper; and then we have full-blown language. , p. 10). ). ”18 Bruner’s approach is similar to Lock’s. ”19 That “referential intersubjectivity” is exactly the mentalist journey, via meanings and reference, from one mind to another. In Bruner’s case, a pre-linguistic basis for it resides in the child’s intentions, treated as mental entities.
Becoming Human: The Development of Language, Self, and Self-Consciousness by J. Canfield