Download e-book for iPad: Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology by Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc

By Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc

ISBN-10: 0262083760

ISBN-13: 9780262083768

The authors of Austere Realism describe and safeguard a provocative ontological- cum -semantic place, saying that the appropriate ontology is minimum or austere, in that it excludes quite a few common-sense posits, and that statements applying such posits are still precise, whilst fact is known to be semantic correctness below contextually operative semantic criteria. Terence Horgan and Matjaž Potrč argue that austere realism emerges certainly from attention of the deep difficulties in the naive common sense method of fact and ontology. they provide an account of fact that confronts those deep inner difficulties and is independently believable: contextual semantics, which asserts that fact is semantically right affirmability. below contextual semantics, a lot traditional and medical inspiration and discourse is correct simply because its fact is oblique correspondence to the area. After delivering extra arguments for austere realism and addressing objections to it, Horgan and Potrč think of a number of replacement austere ontologies. They boost a selected model they name "blobjectivism"—the view that the perfect ontology comprises just one concrete specific, the full cosmos ("the blobject"), which, even though it has huge, immense neighborhood spatiotemporal variability, doesn't have any right components. The arguments in Austere Realism are powerfully made and concisely and lucidly set out. The authors' contentions and their methodological approach—products of a decade-long collaboration—will generate vigorous debate between students in metaphysics, ontology, and philosophy.

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Extra info for Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

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The Collectivistic Status-Indeterminacy Principle (CSI Principle): There is no correct overall assignment of statuses to the items in the sequence. The ISS Principle is so called because it involves items in the sequence considered one at a time—each considered in relation to its immediate neighbors. The CSI Principle is so called because it involves the items in the sequence considered collectively. Both principles are essentially involved in the idea of boundarylessness—the idea of absence of sharp boundaries.

A certain range of properties instantiable by the world). This range constitutes the truth conditions of the thought/ statement. (4) Contrary to the semantic component of simple realism, in many contexts of language and thought, the contextually operative semantic standards are IC standards. In these contexts, the requisite form of correspondence between thought/language and the world is indirect, not direct. Thesis (4) is the key departure from the naive conception of truth embodied in simple realism.

We see no plausible basis for seeking to overturn any of those assumptions in looking for a commonsensically motivated refinement of simple realism. Third, the view that emerges ought to deal plausibly and satisfactorily with the antithesis problems. It needs not only to overcome those problems, but also to do so in ways that are independently credible and plausible from the perspective of reflective common sense. In particular, the semantic component of the sought-for position should be independently credible and plausible: insofar as it provides a refined conception of truth as correspondence to replace simple realism’s naive construal of correspondence, this replacement should be natural and attractive from the perspective of reflective common sense rather than being unintuitive and ad hoc.

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Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology by Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc

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