By Olga Borik
Element and Reference Time investigates the temporal constitution of language. It bargains with vital concerns within the realizing of demanding and point, proposes a brand new method of the most difficulties within the sector, and seeks to set up the common semantic houses of 2 very important and contentious aspectual different types, perfectivity and imperfectivity. Dr Borik develops an unique idea of element. She exhibits how this bills for aspectual different types in Russian, and that it may used to match Russian to different languages the place related aspectual matters come up. She devotes specific awareness to English, a language which seems to don't have any grammatical different types of perfectivity and imperfectivity. She argues that the semantic homes tested for the Russian tense-aspect method are mirrored in English, and divulges parallels within the expression of temporal and aspectual info within the languages. element and Reference Time will curiosity all students of the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of element and annoying. The author's transparent exposition and cross-linguistic process make it an invaluable foundation for classes at graduate point.
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Extra resources for Aspect and Reference Time
2 I use the term ‘telic’ as a synonym to Verkuyl’s ‘terminative’ or Krifka’s ‘quantized’. It should be kept in mind that in the present work ‘telic’ is not necessarily associated with ‘reaching a goal’, as suggested by the meaning of the original Greek word ‘telos’. e. one of the most popular and widespread terms. 2 Introducing the distinction between telic and atelic predicates: some tests Perhaps the most popular approach to the perfective/imperfective distinction nowadays is the one which associates this opposition with the notion of completion or reaching the (inherent) boundary of an eventuality, that is with telicity.
Kogda pozvonila mama, Petja iskal knigu ! masc book ! masc. book ‘When mom called, Petja was looking for a book ! Petja already looked for a book’ The telicity approach 29 b. Kogda pozvonila mama, Petja ˇcital knigu –/! masc. a book –/! masc. book ‘When mom called, Petja was reading a book –/! Petja read a book’ The relation between progressive and imperfective complicates testing imperfective predicates in Russian even further. 12a), always trivially holds. Note, however, that this would only be true if imperfective did not have readings other than progressive.
In this work, I will touch upon the most inXuential proposals concerning this issue (see, in particular, the discussion of de Swart (1998) in Chapter 4). However, what I would like to address Wrst is the notion of telicity, its linguistic relevance, and its properties. This chapter concentrates on the theoretical issues, with minimal involvement of the Russian data. 2 I use the term ‘telic’ as a synonym to Verkuyl’s ‘terminative’ or Krifka’s ‘quantized’. It should be kept in mind that in the present work ‘telic’ is not necessarily associated with ‘reaching a goal’, as suggested by the meaning of the original Greek word ‘telos’.
Aspect and Reference Time by Olga Borik