By Roger Howard
An exploration of the political value of the Arctic's mammoth untapped wealth of common assets, and a gripping account of the race to take advantage of them
On August 2, 2007, a Russian submarine captured international headlines via creating a risky trip to the ground of the Arctic seabed and planting a steel, rustfree nationwide flag greater than 14,000 toes underneath the North Pole. the purpose used to be to claim Russia's criminal sovereignty over a quarter whose value had just recently began to develop into obvious as its melting ice had made, or used to be anticipated to make, great traditional assets open to exploitation.
The most recent estimates are that the sector holds round thirteen% of the world's undiscovered oil and up to 30% of undiscovered traditional gasoline reserves that might be highly ecocnomic for any nation that controlled to safe regulate over them. Gold, platinum, copper, and different beneficial metals have additionally been came upon alongside the coast. Neighboring nations ― Russia, the USA, Canada, Denmark, and Norway ― are already doing every thing they could to mark out new borders. the resultant political disagreements over the difficulty are already rife. particularly, video games of political intrigue among Moscow and Washington are being performed out within the zone. yet because the world's assets develop into more and more scarce and precious, may possibly the scramble for Arctic assets turn into violent? may perhaps a "War for the Arctic" be fought?
Praise for The Oil Hunters:
"The Dramatic Days of oil exploration within the first half the twentieth century are narrated in gripping style by means of Roger Howard." -The Spectator
"A attention-grabbing tale for somebody attracted to considered one of cutting-edge major monetary difficulties: easy methods to lessen the masses of billions that american citizens spend each year to import oil...the booklet is filled with intrepid geologists, risk-averse enterprise humans, hardup Mideast rulers and creative promoters- all focused on using up profits."-The linked Press
Read or Download Arctic Gold Rush: The New Race for Tomorrow's Natural Resources PDF
Similar environmental policy books
This record evaluates the realm Bank's implementation event of the 1993 Water assets administration coverage (Operational coverage four. 07) to figure out the relevance and effectiveness of the realm Bank's total water operations for its debtors. It assesses the level to which the problems pointed out within the guide rfile Water assets Management-A global financial institution coverage Paper (1993) were carried out by means of global financial institution Operations.
Absolutely revised and carefully up-to-date, the second one version of making plans and concrete switch presents an available but richly distinct account of British city making plans. Stephen Ward demonstrates how city making plans could be understood via 3 different types: rules - city making plans background because the improvement of theoretical ways: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new correct' taking into account the Eighties, and up to date curiosity in eco-friendly concept and sustainability; regulations - city making plans historical past as an intensely political strategy, the textual content explains the advanced relation among making plans thought and political perform; and affects - city making plans historical past because the divergence of expectation and consequence, each one bankruptcy indicates how meant affects were converted by way of fiscal and social forces.
How do varied societies reply politically to environmental difficulties all over the world? Answering this question calls for systematic, cross-national comparisons of political associations, regulatory types, and state-society relatives. the sphere of comparative environmental politics ways this job by way of bringing the theoretical instruments of comparative politics to endure at the considerable matters of environmental coverage.
- Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and Activists Have Fueled a Climate Crisis -- And What We Can Do to Avert Disaster
- Ethics & Climate Change: The Greenhouse Effect
- Renewable Energy Policy Convergence in the EU: The Evolution of Feed-in Tariffs in Germany, Spain and France
- Understanding Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Practice
- Capitalism and Climate Change: Theoretical Discussion, Historical Development and Policy Responses
Extra info for Arctic Gold Rush: The New Race for Tomorrow's Natural Resources
In other words, even if we suppose that the Arctic is completely devoid of natural resources, the region’s increasing strategic importance could still exacerbate a state of mistrust between rival countries. Moscow could conceivably step up its military presence there, establishing what its Security Council chiefs have called ‘a main † The ‘Arctic Eight’ are Russia, the United States, Canada, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Finland and Sweden. A Looming Resource War? 27 Or it is possible to imagine several foreign ships sailing, without Moscow’s permission, towards the Vilkitsky Strait, a vital link between the Kara and Laptev Seas, and, at a moment of high international tension, the Russian authorities then taking preventive action to thwart an attack that they feel sure is imminent (Map 2).
Initially everything went well for the USS Polaris and its crew of 35 men, who safely reached the coast of Greenland and established a base camp. But it was not long before tragedy struck. Hall became violently ill and died in agony. His second-in-command took over, but, although a very able and experienced seaman, he was unable to prevent the Polaris from being surrounded and nearly crushed by huge packs of ice. In the ensuing chaos, about half of the crew jumped ship for the relative safety of the ice ﬂoe while the others stayed determinedly on board, drifting with the vessel for several more days before it ﬁnally ran aground.
At seven in the morning we close upon the piling masses of ice . . down we went with the gale again, helplessly scraping along a lee of ice seldom less than thirty feet thick . . one upturned mass rose above our gunwale, smashed our bulwarks and deposited a half ton of ice in a lump upon our decks. 3 His voyage ended in near disaster when, in May 1855, he was forced to abandon his 140-ton brig, the Advance, and with his crew undertook a heroic north-easterly trek to reach the sanctuary of Upernavik, on Greenland’s west coast.
Arctic Gold Rush: The New Race for Tomorrow's Natural Resources by Roger Howard