By Neville G Gregory
Animal welfare concerns have gotten more and more renowned in animal prodution, for either monetary and ethical purposes. This booklet provides a transparent figuring out of the connection among the welfare of significant foodstuff animal species and their body structure, and the direct influence this has on meat caliber. This re-creation specializes in contemporary learn and advancements and in addition seems into welfare in aquaculture.
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Additional info for Animal Welfare and Meat Science
The animals strike against fences, gates and sharp corners, often bumping their hindquarters against the obstacle. Bruising no doubt occurs when stock fall over, and this happens when animals push into each other as they are being moved, when they are forced too quickly by the stock handler and when they pass over ground that is covered with wet, slippery manure. Once an animal goes down, it is prone to being trampled by the others and so picks up more bruising. 4. Prevalence of wounds and bruises in carcasses in New Zealand meatworks that required trimming by meat inspection staff.
It is possible to move pigs without them screaming. Cattle handling is discussed in Chapter 3. It is also worth noting how mustering and driving animals on the farm influences foot damage. Young cattle have relatively soft feet which are prone to bruising when walking on rough tracks. Observations made on dairy cows as they are being brought to the milking shed have shown that they normally walk with the head down, carefully placing each front foot to avoid damaging the sole. The hind feet are placed close to the front feet and so they are usually safe from bruising by angular stones in the track provided the cow can focus on positioning its front feet.
Difficulties are often experienced in ascending and descending ramps inside the trucks, because of their steepness. With pigs, one approach is to get them to slide down the internal ramp, but this causes damage to the small claws on the heel of the hindlegs. The lighting inside and immediately outside the truck can influence the ease of loading and unloading. Providing a non-glaring light inside the vehicle can encourage cattle on to the truck. Similarly a well lit unloading platform or counting-out pen will make unloading that much easier.
Animal Welfare and Meat Science by Neville G Gregory