By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole attention, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Extra info for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
Ironically, as creoles began to outnumber the African-born population, the institution of slavery became more tenuous. In fact, seventeenth-century estate inventories underscore the existence of two population trajectories among persons of African descent. While the Spaniards imported signi¤cant numbers of Africans during the ¤rst half of the seventeenth century, the demographic balance gradually shifted in favor of creoles and free mulattos. 63 Among the enslaved, there were twenty-one bozales and twenty creoles.
104 In lieu of sources capable of delineating with any precision sixteenth- and seventeenth-century urban slaveholding patterns, we must rely on other sources related to the slave experience in order to understand urban slavery. Such records, as we shall see, suggest that most urban slaves labored as domestics, artisans, and vendors, occupations that placed them in daily contact with persons similarly de¤ned and with a host of plebeians of various hues. They, of course, interacted with a diverse range of Spaniards.
Although the size of Santisíma Trinidad’s labor force was exceptional, the ethnic patterns and social changes apparent in its labor force manifested themselves throughout Jalapa. At the end of the seventeenth century, the importance of African slaves as a source of labor had waned in Jalapa. 87 As in other areas of New Spain, the waning number of African immigrants precipitated the decline of the slave population. The decline of slavery in New Spain, however, was not synonymous with a decrease in the population of creoles there.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett