By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Atmospheric Effects of Aviation
The NRC Panel at the Atmospheric results of Aviation (PAEAN) used to be validated to supply tips to NASA's Atmospheric results of Aviation software (AEAP) by means of comparing the appropriateness of the program's examine plan, appraising the project-sponsored effects relative to the present kingdom of clinical wisdom, picking out key medical uncertainties, and suggesting examine actions prone to decrease these uncertainties.
Over the previous couple of years, the panel has written periodic studies of either the subsonic aviation (Subsonic Assessment-SASS) and the supersonic aviation (Atmospheric results of Stratospheric Aircraft-AESA) parts of AEAP, together with: An period in-between evaluation of the Subsonic review undertaking (1997); An intervening time evaluate of AEAP's Emissions Characterization and Near-Field Interactions parts (1997); An intervening time assessment of the AESA venture: technology and growth (1998); Atmospheric results of aviation: A assessment of NASA's Subsonic overview venture (1998). This document constitutes the ultimate evaluation of AESA and should be the final file written via this panel. the first viewers for those reviews is this system managers and scientists affiliated with AEAP, even if on occasion the themes mentioned are of curiosity to a much broader audience.
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Extra resources for A Review of NASA's 'Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft' Project
Page 8 2 Scientific Discussion In this chapter, recent improvements in understanding supersonic aircraft emissions, the transport of these emissions, and their chemical and radiative impacts are reviewed. The contributions that AESA has made to these developments are discussed, as are the areas where significant uncertainties remain and where more research is needed. Special focus is given to two components of AESA's research programglobal models and field campaignsbecause these constitute the dominant part of the overall program.
Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities.
Some of the remaining issues pertinent to gas phase kinetics, including possible missing chemistry and final resolution of the NOx/NOy issue, may be addressed in the context of other research programs and may not require an aircraft-focused effort. Other questions, however, related to the sensitivity of particular regions of the atmosphere, and the coupling of chemistry to transport (such as the issue of how emissions are transported to the middle stratosphere in the tropics) are unlikely to be resolved outside of focused measurement programs, such as those specifically designed to examine the impacts of aviation emissions.
A Review of NASA's 'Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft' Project by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Atmospheric Effects of Aviation