Get A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry PDF

By Edward Shorter

ISBN-10: 0195176685

ISBN-13: 9780195176681

This is often the 1st old dictionary of psychiatry. It covers the topic from autism to Vienna, and comprises the main innovations, participants, areas, and associations that experience formed the evolution of psychiatry and the neurosciences. An advent places vast tendencies and foreign changes in context, and there's an in depth bibliography for additional examining. each one access supplies the most dates, issues, and personalities all in favour of the unfolding of the subject. Longer entries describe the evolution of such matters as melancholy, schizophrenia, and psychotherapy. The booklet supplies prepared connection with when issues occurred in psychiatry, how and where they occurred, and who made the most contributions. additionally, it touches on such social topics as "women in psychiatry," "criminality and psychiatry," and "homosexuality and psychiatry." A accomplished index makes instantly obtainable topics that don't look within the alphabetical directory. between those that will have fun with this dictionary are clinicians excited about the origins of strategies they use of their day-by-day practices, resembling "paranoia," "selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors" (SSRIs), or "tardive dyskinesia"; uncomplicated scientists who wish prepared connection with the improvement of such innovations as "neurotransmitters," "synapse," or "neuroimaging"; scholars of scientific heritage prepared to situate the psychiatric narrative inside of higher occasions, and most people fascinated with health problems that will have an effect on them, their households and their communities-or readers who in basic terms need to know in regards to the grand chain of occasions from the asylum to Freud to Prozac. Bringing jointly info from the English, French, German, Italian, and Scandinavian languages, the Dictionary rests on a major base of fundamental assets that hide the expansion of psychiatry via all of Western society.

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ANOREXIA NERVOSA. See BODY IMAGE, DISTURBANCES OF. ANTIDEPRESSANT. The concept of drugs thought to work specifically against a disease called depression is probably a misnomer because depression often includes anxiety and other symptoms as well. Yet, “antidepressant” has claimed a firm place in the nomenclature of psychopharmacology, and drugs called antidepressants have evolved over the arc of several generations. First-generation antidepressants: the amphetamines and mixed amphetamine–barbiturates.

The book was highly influential in the subsequent unfolding of the antipsychiatry movement, and Franco Basaglia and Ronald Laing (see below for both), for example, often referred to it. Goffman thus counts as the intellectual godfather of antipsychiatry. He went on to become professor of sociology at the University of California at Berkeley, and from 1968 until his death from cancer he was Benjamin Franklin Professor of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. Michel Foucault (1926–1984).

But Janet was dubious: These patients are dysphoric while standing as well. “What the patient wants to do, in sum, is unlimited walking, drifting here and there with no particular destination” ( Janet, Les Obsessions, II, 80). In other words, akathisia was a symptom that could not be controlled by will. A result of psychoactive medication (from 1947). Although Parkinson’s disease had always been associated with akathisia, in 1947 in the Revue neurologique Jean Sigwald (1903–) and co-workers at the Brousse Psychiatric Hospital in Paris reported that one of the early phenothiazine-type (see CHLORPROMAZINE) drugs, diethazine hydrochloride (Rhône-Poulenc 2987), caused akathisia in patients with Parkinsonism.

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A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry by Edward Shorter

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