A Handbook of Biological Illustration - download pdf or read online

By Frances W. Zweifel

ISBN-10: 0226997006

ISBN-13: 9780226997001

This e-book is designed to assist biologists who needs to create their very own illustrations and artists who're faced with unusual organic matters. the writer, an skilled organic illustrator, provides useful directions and suggestion at the attention of dimension and of printing procedures, selection of fabrics, tools for saving time and hard work, drawing options, lettering tools, and mounting and packing the completed illustrations. She explains how one can produce transparent and engaging charts, graphs, and maps, so necessary to technological know-how courses. even though this primer doesn't disguise photographic suggestions, it does comprise suggestion on retouching, cropping, and mounting images and on utilizing pictures of organic matters as aids in drawing. This moment version is up-to-date to mirror the various technological adjustments in paintings fabrics and printing approaches that experience happened because the book's first book, and it contains a wholly new bankruptcy on making plans, designing, and mounting the poster shows that experience turn into a necessary a part of meetings held by means of medical societies. additionally incorporated are the necessities and conventions atypical to organic representation and a bibliography of important reference works. "Every biology scholar who intends to jot down a thesis merits to possess this publication, as does the biologist who intends to put up or paintings up a few visible aids for his personal use. there isn't any cause to restrict the ideas of this guide to the sphere of biology; it's going to be valuable to different particular parts of science."—Evan Lindquist, American Biology instructor (from a overview of the 1st version)

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Additional info for A Handbook of Biological Illustration

Sample text

Protect the final ground from further smudging and skin oil by placing a piece of paper under your hand while dra~ving,or rnake a mask for the drawing (see p. 26). When the preliminary drawing has been transferred satisfactorily to the final gro~und,you are ready to begin the finished drawing. Black-and-white Illustrations Line copy is any artwork that contains only black and white, no gray or color; the effect of shading is achieved by the placing and spacing of lines and dots. Line copy is usually reproduced by offset, sometimes by letterpress.

O r di~iarilythe biological illustrator will not be required to produce a n elaborate picturc such as a landscape, requiring tlie use of linear per- spcctivc. If a knowledge of linear pcrspcctivc is necessary, refer to a textbook or see John hlontague, Basic Perspective Drawing: A Visual ADproach, listed in Selected Refercnccs. CLEANLINESS Kccp the work as clca~ias possible, ~ i n c cdirt and smudges niay reproduce photographically. If such marks cannot be erased satisfactorily from line copy, they may bc covered with superwhite gouache paint (see p.

Act0 knife (blade no. 1 1 or 16) for cleaning lines or1 film Gouache white-out paint such as Pelikan Graphic b7hite, Dr. Xlartin's Bleed Proof White, or Pro White Scratchhoard Ura\fzings Fine and medium round watercolor brushes Mcdiurn-fine and medium-coarse pens FIG 7 Techn~cdlpen ( C o u r t e s ~Koh-I-Noor Cornpan\) Waterproof black drawing ink; special inks for technical pens Scratchboard, such as EssDee British scraperboard (source given in Selected References); or Matte-surface (frosted) acetate or polyester film, heavyweight Erasers: kneaded (for cleaning the ground); Koh-I-Noor "imbibed" eraser (for filrn) Pounce (draftsman's pumice) Fine scalpel or X-Acto knife (blade no.

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A Handbook of Biological Illustration by Frances W. Zweifel

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