By J. Leo van Hemmen, Terrence J. Sejnowski
The complexity of the mind and the protean nature of habit stay the main elusive region of technological know-how, but additionally an important. van Hemmen and Sejnowski invited 23 specialists from the numerous areas--from evolution to qualia--of structures neuroscience to formulate one challenge every one. even though each one bankruptcy was once written independently and will be learn individually, jointly they supply an invaluable roadmap to the sector of structures neuroscience and may function a resource of inspirations for destiny explorers of the mind.
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Additional info for 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience (Computational Neuroscience Series)
Our thinking about sensory integration seems much too linear and passive: stimulus a ? response in area x ? response in area y, and so on; in reality, neural circuits are often massively interconnected and reciprocally connected; similarly, our thinking generally ignores the fact that, except for motoneurons, a given neuron never is an end point or its ‘‘response’’ an end product. , decorrelation in OB circuits) or in ‘‘target’’ circuits. , considering ‘‘responses’’ not only as products, but also as ongoing transformations toward some other goal) might be helpful to understand some brain operations.
In the inconsistent (‘‘invalid’’) condition, the visual cue pointed to the hemisphere opposite the upcoming auditory target. A clear effect of cue-target conﬁguration was observed in the response latencies. Valid cues led to reduced response latencies compared to response latencies after presentation of invalid cues (ﬁgure 2-4). Mean response latencies were signiﬁcantly reduced by between 14 and 25 percent depending on the owl and target side (Johnen, Wagner, and Gaese 2001). This validity effect indicated that the auditory processing speed was facilitated by shifting the attentional focus toward the side of the expected target position.
J. Med. Sci. 18: 83–92. Adrian, E. 1942. Olfactory reactions in the brain of the hedgehog. J. Physiol. ) 100: 459–473. Axel, R. 1995. The molecular logic of smell. Sci. Am. 273: 130–137. , M. Stopfer, M. Rabinovich, R. Huerta, H. D. I. Abarbanel, T. J. Sejnowski, and G. Laurent. 2001a. Model of cellular and network mechanisms for temporal patterning in the locust antennal lobe. Neuron 30: 569–581. , M. Stopfer, M. Rabinovich, R. Huerta, H. D. I. Abarbanel, T. J. Sejnowski, and G. Laurent. 2001b.
23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience (Computational Neuroscience Series) by J. Leo van Hemmen, Terrence J. Sejnowski